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The Magdalenian settlement is the history of human groups in the period from 18.000 to 11.000 years ago

Magdalenians inhabited the area in the upland regions of west and mid-eastern Europe

Klementowice is the furthest front-end point Magdalenian settlement, in the north eastern direction

During excavations the area of 350 square meters was examined and more than 50.000 artefacts were found

Radiocarbon dating allowed us to determine the date of the settlement in Klementowice to 15.000 years ago

The natural environment resembled contemporary tundra with frozen ground and a domination of graminaceous vegetation

All the animal remains found on the excavation site belong to a horse (Equus ferus)

The basic material for the manufacturing of tools was flint

Most of flints were brought to Klementowice from over 80 km distance

The tools were used primarily in the flaying of particular elements of hunted game

Some of them were used as elements of projectile weapons

Within the site as well as in it vicinity, traces of settlement form the younger periods were found

About project

Project Klementowice - settlement in the eastern peripheries of Magdalenian culture circle  aims to analyze and publish  interdisciplinary research results at the archaeological site in Klementowice (site 20; AZP 75-77/108), Kurów commune,  Puławy district, Lublin voivodeship. The archaeological works were conducted between 1981-1982 and 2007-2011. They revealed the existence of a camp founded by the people that penetrated those regions at the end of the Ice Age (approx. 15 thousand years ago). The unique character of the site is connected with its location as well as the amount and the nature of the obtained archaeological artefacts, whose equivalents can be found across other sites in Middle and Western Europe. The usage of a wide spectrum of archaeological and natural sciences methods allows for a comprehensive compilation of the results of the study thus enriching the knowledge of the site itself and creating new possibilities for the interpretation of sources. The project also aims to popularise the results.

The project is financed by Ministry of Culture and National Heritage of the Republic of Poland (2013-2014).