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The Magdalenian settlement is the history of human groups in the period from 18.000 to 11.000 years ago

Magdalenians inhabited the area in the upland regions of west and mid-eastern Europe

Klementowice is the furthest front-end point Magdalenian settlement, in the north eastern direction

During excavations the area of 350 square meters was examined and more than 50.000 artefacts were found

Radiocarbon dating allowed us to determine the date of the settlement in Klementowice to 15.000 years ago

The natural environment resembled contemporary tundra with frozen ground and a domination of graminaceous vegetation

All the animal remains found on the excavation site belong to a horse (Equus ferus)

The basic material for the manufacturing of tools was flint

Most of flints were brought to Klementowice from over 80 km distance

The tools were used primarily in the flaying of particular elements of hunted game

Some of them were used as elements of projectile weapons

Within the site as well as in it vicinity, traces of settlement form the younger periods were found

About the site

The site is located in the administrative borders of the Klementowice village in Puławy district in eastern part of Poland. It is located in the western part of the Nałęczów Plateau which constitutes the north-western border of the Lublin Upland. The northern ridge of the plateau, which is limited by the river Kurówka valley (the right bank tributary of the Vistula river) and which constitutes the northern boundary of loess, is only 3 km away from the site in a straight line.

View from SW

The archaeological site in Klementowice is located in the range of a relatively short (c.a. 150 m.) gentle slope, constantly falling in the direction of southern. The slope can be characterised by a low angle of inclination, reaching no more thanand western, warm exposure The differences in altitude reach 8 meters (188  - 196 m above the sea level). The geographic coordinates of the site are: 51º20'26,83”N latitude; 22º8'57,13”E longitude.

 

 

see more:

Tadeusz Wiśniewski (ed.),  Klementowice. A Magdalenian site in eastern Poland, Lublin 2015 /p. 15-30/ 

Tadeusz Wiśniewski, Barbara Niezabitowska- Wiśniewska (eds.),  Klementowice - obozowisko ze schyłku epoki lodowej we wschodniej Polsce /Klementowice - A late Ice Age settlement in Eastern Poland/, Lublin 2013 /p. 2-5/