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The Magdalenian settlement is the history of human groups in the period from 18.000 to 11.000 years ago

Magdalenians inhabited the area in the upland regions of west and mid-eastern Europe

Klementowice is the furthest front-end point Magdalenian settlement, in the north eastern direction

During excavations the area of 350 square meters was examined and more than 50.000 artefacts were found

Radiocarbon dating allowed us to determine the date of the settlement in Klementowice to 15.000 years ago

The natural environment resembled contemporary tundra with frozen ground and a domination of graminaceous vegetation

All the animal remains found on the excavation site belong to a horse (Equus ferus)

The basic material for the manufacturing of tools was flint

Most of flints were brought to Klementowice from over 80 km distance

The tools were used primarily in the flaying of particular elements of hunted game

Some of them were used as elements of projectile weapons

Within the site as well as in it vicinity, traces of settlement form the younger periods were found

Magdalenian

Magdalenian

The Magdalenian settlement is the history of human groups inhabiting the area of west and mid-eastern Europe in the period from 18.000 to 11.000 years ago.

The Magdalenian settlement was mainly present in the upland regions. The site in Klementowice is located no more than 3 km south from the edge of loess, forming a natural border of the Central European Plain. In the light of the current research it is the furthest front-end point Magdalenian settlement, in the north eastern direction. This is true not only in the area of Poland but in the whole of Europe. The Magdalenian people are commonly considered as specialised hunters. A versatile hunting system is a characteristic phenomenon of this period.

 

 

 

Magdalenien w Europie

Situation of the campsite in Klementowice against the background of the spread of the Magdalenian in Europe.

 

Klementowice against the background of the distribution of the Magdalenian sites in Poland.